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【暑期社會實踐】歐寶體育開展 “尋訪金陵古跡,挖掘建筑思想”暑期社會實踐活動
歐寶體育2021-07-23評論(0瀏覽(218

為引導師生增強歷史文化遺產保護意識和文化自信,傳承和發揚中華優秀傳統文化,2021年7月6日至21日,歐寶體育暑期社會實踐團隊開展了金陵古跡調研活動。歐寶體育楊葉、孫瀟宇擔任指導老師,帶領學生尋訪金陵古跡,挖掘建筑思想。

南(nan)京(jing)是首批國家歷史(shi)(shi)文化名城,有“六朝(chao)(chao)古(gu)都(dou)”“十(shi)朝(chao)(chao)都(dou)會(hui)”之稱,在歷史(shi)(shi)長河的(de)(de)沖(chong)刷(shua)下積淀了(le)豐(feng)厚的(de)(de)文化底蘊,在時(shi)代(dai)(dai)快速發(fa)展(zhan)的(de)(de)過(guo)程中,南(nan)京(jing)有相當數量老城建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)已被現代(dai)(dai)建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)完全取代(dai)(dai),不再復存以往的(de)(de)城市遺跡(ji)。本次實(shi)(shi)踐選(xuan)取民國建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)、博(bo)物館、明(ming)故(gu)宮和(he)歷史(shi)(shi)街區,采用互聯網+社(she)會(hui)實(shi)(shi)踐的(de)(de)形式,對其內涵價(jia)值和(he)保(bao)(bao)護現狀(zhuang)進行調查(cha)研(yan)究,提出古(gu)跡(ji)保(bao)(bao)護的(de)(de)思考: 在發(fa)展(zhan)新城中應保(bao)(bao)護古(gu)城原狀(zhuang),整合片區資源,合理控制商業,建(jian)(jian)立文物保(bao)(bao)養體系,尋找古(gu)代(dai)(dai)遺跡(ji)與現代(dai)(dai)快節奏建(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)的(de)(de)融(rong)合點,最(zui)終實(shi)(shi)現和(he)諧共存。

調(diao)研(yan)(yan)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)查閱了(le)(le)(le)(le)大量(liang)(liang)文獻資料,對(dui)南(nan)(nan)(nan)京(jing)(jing)(jing)古(gu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)文化(hua)特征、建(jian)(jian)(jian)造特點和(he)(he)現(xian)存問題展開了(le)(le)(le)(le)探究,設(she)計了(le)(le)(le)(le)調(diao)查問卷,廣泛收集民(min)(min)眾(zhong)對(dui)于(yu)南(nan)(nan)(nan)京(jing)(jing)(jing)古(gu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)文化(hua)保護(hu)和(he)(he)修(xiu)繕(shan)(shan)情(qing)況的(de)(de)認識。7月19日,調(diao)研(yan)(yan)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)做好疫情(qing)防護(hu)措施,赴南(nan)(nan)(nan)京(jing)(jing)(jing)進行(xing)實地考察,首(shou)先來(lai)到(dao)被譽(yu)為“民(min)(min)國(guo)(guo)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)博物(wu)館(guan)(guan)”的(de)(de)頤(yi)和(he)(he)路民(min)(min)國(guo)(guo)時期公館(guan)(guan)風(feng)貌區(qu)(qu)第(di)十二片(pian)(pian)區(qu)(qu),該片(pian)(pian)區(qu)(qu)按照“保護(hu)與(yu)利(li)用”、“分段實施”的(de)(de)原則,對(dui)成(cheng)(cheng)片(pian)(pian)的(de)(de)古(gu)老(lao)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)群進行(xing)了(le)(le)(le)(le)修(xiu)繕(shan)(shan)改造。此后調(diao)研(yan)(yan)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)來(lai)到(dao)頤(yi)和(he)(he)路社區(qu)(qu)將軍館(guan)(guan)和(he)(he)海洋國(guo)(guo)防教育館(guan)(guan),館(guan)(guan)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)不(bu)(bu)僅(jin)有(you)歷(li)(li)史實物(wu),還增加了(le)(le)(le)(le)現(xian)代(dai)元素(su),團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)隊(dui)(dui)(dui)成(cheng)(cheng)員感(gan)受(shou)到(dao)老(lao)將軍們(men)在軍隊(dui)(dui)(dui)建(jian)(jian)(jian)設(she)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)立下的(de)(de)不(bu)(bu)朽(xiu)功勛和(he)(he)革命(ming)精神。走訪了(le)(le)(le)(le)南(nan)(nan)(nan)京(jing)(jing)(jing)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)近(jin)代(dai)史遺(yi)址博物(wu)館(guan)(guan),這里既有(you)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)國(guo)(guo)古(gu)代(dai)傳統的(de)(de)江(jiang)南(nan)(nan)(nan)園林,也有(you)近(jin)代(dai)西風(feng)東漸的(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)遺(yi)存,在紅柱灰瓦、方磚鋪地的(de)(de)廳堂、中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)西合璧的(de)(de)開放式長廊和(he)(he)重檐(yan)青瓦、雕梁(liang)畫棟的(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)構造中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)隊(dui)(dui)(dui)成(cheng)(cheng)員感(gan)受(shou)到(dao)民(min)(min)國(guo)(guo)時期的(de)(de)獨(du)具(ju)特色(se)的(de)(de)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)文化(hua)。隨后團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)隊(dui)(dui)(dui)來(lai)到(dao)明故(gu)宮(gong)遺(yi)址公園,南(nan)(nan)(nan)京(jing)(jing)(jing)故(gu)宮(gong)開創(chuang)了(le)(le)(le)(le)皇宮(gong)自南(nan)(nan)(nan)而北(bei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)軸線與(yu)全城(cheng)軸線重合的(de)(de)模式,其建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)風(feng)格(ge)、裝飾(shi)風(feng)格(ge)影響至今。華燈初上,團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)隊(dui)(dui)(dui)來(lai)到(dao)老(lao)門東歷(li)(li)史文化(hua)街區(qu)(qu),街區(qu)(qu)在保留(liu)大量(liang)(liang)歷(li)(li)史建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)和(he)(he)文物(wu)保護(hu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)的(de)(de)基礎(chu)上,將老(lao)廠房(fang)改建(jian)(jian)(jian)成(cheng)(cheng)獨(du)具(ju)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)特色(se)的(de)(de)南(nan)(nan)(nan)京(jing)(jing)(jing)書(shu)畫院、金陵美術館(guan)(guan)、老(lao)城(cheng)南(nan)(nan)(nan)記憶館(guan)(guan)等,集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)體現(xian)了(le)(le)(le)(le)南(nan)(nan)(nan)京(jing)(jing)(jing)老(lao)城(cheng)南(nan)(nan)(nan)傳統民(min)(min)居的(de)(de)風(feng)貌。實踐過程中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong),調(diao)研(yan)(yan)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)還對(dui)當地居民(min)(min)和(he)(he)游客進行(xing)了(le)(le)(le)(le)采訪和(he)(he)交(jiao)流(liu)。通過與(yu)現(xian)場施工(gong)人員交(jiao)流(liu)采訪,了(le)(le)(le)(le)解到(dao)古(gu)建(jian)(jian)(jian)筑(zhu)(zhu)修(xiu)繕(shan)(shan)與(yu)重建(jian)(jian)(jian)過程中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)工(gong)程技術特點與(yu)挑戰,提升了(le)(le)(le)(le)團(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)(tuan)隊(dui)(dui)(dui)成(cheng)(cheng)員的(de)(de)專業素(su)養(yang)。

因南(nan)京(jing)市突發疫情,調研團暫停后續活動安排,即(ji)刻踏上歸(gui)程。在本(ben)次社會實踐中(zhong),同學(xue)們走(zou)訪了中(zhong)華(hua)上下五千(qian)年文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)精髓與現(xian)代科(ke)學(xue)技術(shu)古(gu)今結合的(de)文(wen)(wen)(wen)明之旅,探索了金陵(ling)古(gu)跡建筑物(wu)中(zhong)蘊藏(zang)的(de)科(ke)學(xue)文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)思想,感受到浩(hao)然氣(qi)概和(he)工(gong)匠(jiang)精神(shen),將文(wen)(wen)(wen)化(hua)自(zi)信、家國情懷內(nei)化(hua)于心,外化(hua)于行。(歐寶體(ti)育 楊葉 圖/文(wen)(wen)(wen) 通訊(xun)員 周華(hua)推薦)







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